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SUSTAINABLE & healthy diets

Human nutrition on a finite planet: securing sustainable and healthy diets for all

The objectives of research and policy in human nutrition have changed over time to address new public health concerns across the globe. The focus has moved from avoiding single nutrient deficiencies to preventing chronic metabolic diseases in the Western world, while undernutrition and malnutrition remain endemic in other geographical areas. The number of undernourished and food insecure people, as well as those that cannot afford a healthy diet, are still on the rise. This is also the case for the prevalence of diet-related chronic diseases. Both conditions have been amplified by the COVID-19 pandemic, in turn representing risk factors for COVID-19-related morbidity and mortality. While the implementation of effective strategies to address human nutrition goals remains challenging, integrating ‘sustainability’ as an additional factor to the equation is an increasingly compelling need for addressing environmental and socioeconomic aspects. Unsustainable food production has a major global environmental impact. Moreover, current food processing, transport and consumption trends, coupled with projected population growth in the coming decades, further exacerbate both threats to our planet and challenge global food security. In this session, we will discuss how healthy diets that are socially acceptable, affordable and flexible regarding individual values and preferences can be defined within sustainability boundaries. Furthermore, we will consider how the transformation of food systems could foster a change in food consumption patterns and vice versa. We will also explore the challenges and opportunities to securing healthy, sustainable, accessible and affordable food for all.

Session Coordinator

Session coordinator
Silvia Valtueña Martínez (EFSA)

Session Contributors

Session contributors
Carla Caldeira (JRC)
Eugen Christoph (EFSA)
Ionut Craciun (EFSA)
Andrea Germini (EFSA)
Davide Gibin (EFSA)
Andrea Hagyo (EEA)
Serenella Sala (JRC)
Ermolaos Ververis (EFSA)
Jan Wollgast (JRC)


Abstract Session Chairpersons
  • Sandra Caldeira, Joint Research Centre (JRC)
  • Jan Wollgast, Joint Research Centre (JRC)
Abstract Session Speakers
  • Francesco Branca, World Health Organization (WHO) - Relationship between diet and human health: meaning of healthy diets in 2022
  • Johan Rockström, University of Potsdam - The concept of environmental sustainability applied to food: production, distribution, consumption and waste
  • Jessica Fanzo, Johns Hopkins University - Coming to grips with trade-offs in achieving human and planetary health in resource-constrained settings
  • Marco Springmann, University of Oxford - Tailoring food systems and dietary recommendations to meet public health and environmental sustainability goals: what does it take?   
  • Klaus G Grunert, Aarhus University - Drivers of food choices and drivers for change
  • Lucia Reisch, University of Cambridge - Policy options to transform food systems and food consumption patterns
Abstract Session Moderators
  • Stefanie Vandevijvere, Scientific Institute of Public Health (Sciensano)
Abstract Session Panellists
  • Francesco Branca, World Health Organization (WHO)
  • Sandra Caldeira, Joint Research Centre (JRC)
  • Jessica Fanzo, Johns Hopkins University
  • Klaus G Grunert, Aarhus University
  • Lucia Reisch, University of Cambridge
  • Johan Rockström, University of Potsdam
  • Marco Springmann, University of Oxford
  • Jan Wollgast, Joint Research Centre (JRC)
Abstract Session Rapporteurs
  • Eugen Christoph, European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)
  • Ionut Craciun, European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)
  • Andrea Germini, European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) 
  • Silvia Valtueña Martínez, European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)